Job Safety/Hazard Analysis

                                               

What is a job hazard analysis or safety analysis?

 

A job safety analysis (JSA) is a procedure which helps integrate accepted safety and health principles and practices into a particular task or job operation. In a JSA, each basic step of the job is to identify potential hazards and to recommend the safest way to do the job. Other terms used to describe this procedure many but all contain the same type of information.

Some individuals prefer to expand the analysis into all aspects of the job, not just safety. This approach is known as total job analysis. Methodology is based on the idea that safety is an integral part of every job and not a separate entity. In this document, only health and safety aspects will be considered.

The terms "job" and "task" are commonly used interchangeably to mean a specific work assignment, such as "operating a grinder,” or "using a pressurized water extinguisher.”  JSAs are not suitable for jobs defined too broadly, for example, "overhauling an engine"; or too narrowly, for example, "positioning car jack."

(Job Safety Analysis    Job Hazard Analysis      Job Task Analysis    Job Hazard Breakdown)

What is the value of a job hazard analysis?

  

One of the methods used is to observe a worker actually perform the job. The major advantages of this method include that it does not rely on individual memory and that observing or performing the process prompts the recognition of hazards. For infrequently performed or new jobs, observation may not be practical.

Another approach is to have a group of experienced workers and supervisors complete the analysis through discussion. An advantage of this method is that more people are involved in a wider base of experience and promoting a more ready acceptance of the resulting work procedure.

(Job Safety Analysis    Job Hazard Analysis      Job Task Analysis    Job Hazard Breakdown)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Initial benefits from developing a JSA will become clear in the preparation stage. The analysis process may identify previously undetected hazards and increase the job knowledge of those participating. Safety and health awareness is raised, communication between workers and supervisors is improved, and acceptance of safe work procedures is promoted.

A JSA, can create the beginning for written work procedures based on the JSA.  It can serve as a teaching aid for initial job training and as a briefing guide for infrequent jobs. It may be used as a standard for health and safety inspections or observations. In particular, a JSA will assist in completing comprehensive accident investigations.

 

We provide the initial collaboration to the final product of providing effective JSAs.

Copyright © 2018 Safety Training

& Environmental Protection, LLC                     
P.O. Box 1402 Murray, KY 42071   Phone: (270) 753-6529 

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Copyright © 2019 Safety Training & Environmental Protection, LLC

P.O. Box 1402 Murray, KY 42071
Phone: (270) 753-6529